2004 Survey of Member Academies

From time to time each academy reviews some or all of its operations and structure to improve its performance in meeting its objectives. The operations and structure of other academies of engineering, as well as their experience and practices, may offer ideas to help in such reviews. In support thereof the following information has been provided by the subject academies and last updated on the date indicated.

The information is presented in the following format:

CAETS Survey of Member Academies
Format - October 2004

1. Name; mail address; e-mail; website; telephone; FAX
2. Date Founded; Legal status
3. Membership: Categories, (Number in each at date noted), {Number limit}, [Age limit]
4. Estimated number of engineers in national workforce
5. Names of Divisions or Technical Sections, (number in each at date noted)
6. Key elements of election process
7. Key elements of removal or dismissal procedures
8. Management: responsible body; titles of positions, (term length), {terms limit}
9. Committees: name, (number of members)
10. Staff: number (full-time equivalents); titles of major offices/divisions
11. Annual budget (USD or Euro)
12. Sources of finances (approximate percentages)
13. Studies and Reports: type; number per year; procedures for conduct (briefly); determining scope of study; selection of committee members; review of draft; "ownership" of recommendations; scope of release
14. Workshops: type, number per year, general format
15. Seminars: type, number per year, general format
16. Conferences: type, number per year, general format

17. Courses: type, number per year, general format
18. Responses to Government (other than studies)
19. Regular Member events
20. Regular events, open to the public

21. Publications and distribution: type (e.g. newsletters), hard-copy or e-mail
22. Major Prizes: name, frequency, purpose, award
23. Relations with in-country science or other technical academies
24. Other

Information on the following Member Academies is presented below and in the attached document

Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE)

Belgian Academy Council of Applied Sciences (BACAS)

Canadian Academy of Engineering (CAE)

Croatian Academy of Engineering (HATZ) 

Engineering Academy of the Czech Republic (EA CR)

Danish Academy of Technical Sciences (ATV)

National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF)

Hungarian Academy of Engineering (HAE)

Indian National Academy of Engineering

The Engineering Academy of Japan (EAJ)

Academy of Engineering (Mexico) (AI)

Netherlands Society Of Technological Sciences and Engineering (NFTW)

Royal Academy of Engineering (Spain) (RAI)

Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW)

Royal Academy of Engineering of the United Kingdom (RAEng)

National Academy of Engineering (United States) (NAE) 

Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE), Australia, October 2004

1. Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering, ATSE
johnfd@atse.org.au, www.atse.org.au
Tel. 61 3 9347 0622, Fax 61 3 9347 8237
2. 24 February 1976; A company limited by guarantee under the Companies Ordinance 1962 (as amended), Australian Capital Territory
3. Fellows – 698 ((Council decision currently 30); Foreign Fellows – 10 (5);
Honorary Fellows – 8; Royal fellows – 1 (as at July 1, 2004)
4. 175,000
5. Applied Physical Science and Technology (158); Applied Biological Science and Technology (170); Engineering (184); Management, Development and Leadership (186)
6. Australian citizens or persons normally resident in Australia, who are eminent by reason of their achievements in technological sciences or engineering. Particular weight is accorded to personal involvement in the successful application and commercialization of new and existing technologies. Foreign Fellows are not Australian citizens and not normally resident in Australia and who shall be eminent because of their international achievements in technological sciences or engineering or their membership of an overseas body with essentially the same objectives as the Academy.

7. Refusal or neglect to comply with the provision of the Memorandum of Association or Articles of the Academy. Guilty of conduct unbecoming a member or prejudicial to the interest of the Academy. A member shall ipso facto cease to be a member through death, becoming of unsound mind or whose person or estate is liable to be dealt with in any way under the law relating to mental health.
8. Council: President (2 yrs.) {3 terms}; 2 Vice-Presidents (2 yrs.) {2 terms}; Hon Treasurer (2 yrs.) {2 terms}; Hon Secretary; 13 Members (2 yrs.) {2 terms}
9. Executive Committee (5); Membership (9); Finance and Audit (6); Activities (9) Symposium (7); Education (6); International Relations (13); Communications (6)
10. 9.0 FTE; Academy Administration: Finance & Operations, International Linkages, Membership and Publications, Technical; Regional Divisions (one for each Australian State and for the Australian Capital Territory); ATSE Crawford Fund; ATSE Clunies Ross Foundation
11. US$2.410 million (including Crawford Fund and Clunies Ross Foundation)

12. Government Grants 64%; Contributions & Donations 11%; Subscriptions 6%; Activities (Symposia, etc) 10%; Sundry 9%
13. The Academy produces reports on matters of national significance. These reports are reliable sources of information and many have had significant influence on public policy at both national and state level. All studies and reports are available on the Academy’s website – www.atse.org.au. One major report is published each year on the findings of the ATSE National Symposium. Other reports are commissioned by Government, national organizations and private interests. Usually between two and four studies are undertaken each year. Depending on the nature and scope of the study, the Academy, through its Activities Committee, will organize for between one or several of its Fellows, with appropriate expertise in and experience on the topic, to undertake the study and produce a report.
14. The number and scope varies substantially. Workshops can be internal (ATSE Fellows only), organized jointly with sister Academies in Australia, usually through the National Academies Forum, and with sister Academies overseas, such as the South African Academy of Engineering (in 2003) and the Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences (in 2004).

15. Two or three; organized on topics of local and/or national significance.
16. ATSE National Symposium and ATSE Crawford Fund Conference, held annually
17. In 2003/04, the ATSE Crawford Fund supported 15 training courses, which ranged in duration from three days to three weeks. Five of these courses were held in Australia and the remainder held in ten developing countries. Topics of the overseas courses ranged from management of cocoa diseases (Vietnam) to sustained improvement and innovation in agriculture (South Africa) and management of agricultural biosecurity (ASEAN countries, South Korea, China and Pacific Island nations).
22. The ATSE Clunies Ross Award is presented annually and is one of the pre-eminent awards for high achieving scientists, technologists and innovators in Australia and focuses on specific innovations or inventions. Award recipients receive a unique 10 oz fine silver medal, minted by the Australian Mint, and a certificate.
The ATSE Clunies Ross Lifetime Contribution Award recognizes major contributions to science innovation and its application at the highest level. Recipients receive a 10 oz fine silver medal minted by the Australian Mint and a parchment certificate.

The Sir David Zeidler ATSE Traveling Scholarship is awarded to an outstanding young applied science or engineering student, enrolled for a PhD degree at an Australian University, to undertake an international study tour to enhance his or her professional development. The award has a value of A$15,000.
23. ATSE works closely on a wide range of matters with its three sister Academies in Australia through the National Academies Forum (NAF), which is chaired in rotation by the President of each of the Academies. NAF organizes at least one major event each year, usually a workshop or symposium, on a topic of national interest to all four Academies.
ATSE maintains strong links with Engineers Australia, across a wide range of engineering issues of national importance, as well as with the Federation of Australian Scientific and Technological Societies (FASTS). It also undertakes joint activities, as appropriate, with key national organizations such as the Business council of Australia (BCA).

BACAS, Belgium, December 2004

1. Belgian Academy Council of Applied Sciences, BACAS, an umbrella organization containing the Flemish Comit? van de Academie voor Wetenschappen en Techniek (CAWET) and of the Comit? de l'Acad?mie pour les applications de la Science (CAPAS)
CAWET: cawet@SCKCEN.BE; www.kvab.be, Sub-directory: CAWET; tel: +32 477 376 210; fax:+32 14 31 89 36,
CAPAS: capas@skynet.be; www.kbr.be/~capas/; tel +32 2725 4383; fax:+32 255O 2366
2. 1988; Ordained by Royal Decree
3. Members, 70; associated members, 25, {100}; honorary members, 20; (Dec 04). Term length of membership, 5 years for members and associated members, renewable (not automatically)
4. 40 000
6. Important contributions in the working area of the Academy: research and publications in the academic field or high-principled realisations in industry (managerial or executive).
7. Membership expires at age of 65 (after end of mandate) or when qualification ends.
8. BACAS Board made of CAWET (5) and CAPAS (4): President, Vice-President, Past-President, Secretary, External Communications Officer; (4 yrs) {2 terms}

10. 0,6
11. € 50,000
12. Only by contributions of industrial members, € 1250 to 1750 each
13. Studies on the impact of technological development on society, State of the Art reports with recommendations to government, industry and society; (5); Proposition of, and agreement on a Mission Statement in and by the General Assembly of CAWET and CAPAS; Plenary CAWET/CAPAS-meetings (4 times a year) organize workgroups, discuss and finalize reports; workgroups are enlarged by external specialists to elaborate reports on engineering subjects, (9).
14. Full or half day symposia in the Palace of Academies, Brussels, (2)
15. Yearly conference with Academic Professor or Captain of Industry, (1)
23. CAWET is part of the Royal Flemish Academy for Science and Art of Belgium and in the process of becoming the Royal Flemish Academy of Engineering Sciences as in other industrialized countries. CAPAS is part of the Royal Academy of Belgium for Science, Literature and Arts and in the process of becoming an interdisciplinary division of the Academy.

Canadian Academy of Engineering (CAE), Canada, July 2004

1. Canadian Academy of Engineering / l’Acad?mie canadienne du g?nie, CAE/ACG
180 Elgin St, Ottawa, ON Canada, K2P 2K3
acadeng@ccpe.ca; www.acad-eng-gen.ca;
Tel. 1-613-235-9056; FAX 1-613-235-6861
2. 1987; Federally incorporated charitable organization, under Canada Corporations Act
3. Active (278), Emeritus (60) (non-voting), Honorary (4) (non-voting); (July 2004); Members use designation – FCAE (MACG in French)
4. 160,000 registered, 250,000 total
6. Nominated by 3 peers, credentials screened by Selection Committee, secret ballot by all active members
7. Member may submit letter resignation at any time. Membership may be terminated for non-payment of dues. No formal provision for removal.
8. Board of Directors: Past President, President, President-Elect, Secretary-Treasurer, 7 Directors at Large; (1 yr.) {3 terms}
9. Executive Committee (4 officers); National & International Issues Committee (12-14); Fellowships Committee (7); (under development) Honours Committee, Events Committee, Engineering Education Committee, International Activities, National Affairs, Advisory Committee to President.

10. Executive director (half time); Office Manager (80% full time)
11. $100K
12. Dues 60%; Endowment 20%; Sponsorships/Donations 20%
13. 1-2 per year; primarily focussed on policy proposed and conducted by NII Committee; reviewed and published by Academy.
16. 1; Half-day Technical Program at Annual General Meeting
23. Informal collaboration with Royal Society of Canada (science academy) and Canadian Institute of Academic Medicine (health sciences academy). The 3 have jointly established the Canadian Academies of Science to undertake topical assessments and enhance international collaboration; presently seeking sustaining funding from federal government.

Croatian Academy of Engineering (HATZ), Croatia, September 2004

1. Croatian Academy of Engineering, HATZ
28 Kacic Street, P. O. Box 59, HR-10001 Zagreb, CROATIA
hatz@pbf.hr; www.hatz.hr
Tel. 385 1 4922 559; FAX 385 1 4922 569
2. January 19, 1993; Scientific (learned) society, NGO
3. Members Emeriti ( 20); Honorary Members (13){20}; Correspondent Members (0) {18, not more than 2 per Dept.} [75]; Full Members (49) and Associate Members (50) {120} [75]; Collaborating Members (90) {108} [70]; Friend Members (13); Supporting Members (48);
(total 283) (March 8, 2004)
5. Systems and Cybernetics (14); Arhitecture and Urban Planning (6); Information Systems (11); Communication Systems (13); Power Systems (14); Transport (15); Civil Engineering and Geodesy (22); Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture (22); Chemical Engineering (11); Electrical Engineering and Electronics (19); Bioprocess Engineering (23); Graphical Engineering (9); Mining and Metallurgy (5); Textile Technology (5)
8. Governing Board: President, two Vice-Presidents, Secretary-General and Past President (2 yrs.) {2 terms}; members

9. Committee for Promotion; Committee for Cooperation with Academies and Scientific Societies; Committee for International Cooperation between Academies; Committee for Cooperation with Scientists Abroad; Committee for Cooperation with Towns; Committee for Cooperation with the Economy; Committee for Awards (7); Committee for Ethics
10. 2; Office of the HATZ, Accountant Service
11. 90.204 EUR (≈667.509,24 HRK)
12. Ministry of Science, Education and Sports 10%; Supporting Members (annual dues) 50%; Projects 30%; Donations 10%
13. 3; The Principal Investigator selects a group of eminent scientists, mostly members of the HATZ, distributing the specific topics within the project, and each participant's responsibility is to organise a working group, consisted of multidisciplinary experts from various scientific fields, which do not necessarily have to be HATZ members. The working groups enter into analysis and solving of their particular task, cooperating with the head of the group during the process. The Principal Investigator organises meetings with the heads of the working groups in order to coordinate and, together with them, synthetise the results of their particular tasks.

14. 6 Scientific and professional training workshops
15. 2 Multidisciplinary seminars
16. 1 Multidisciplinary conference
17. 1 Educational and training course
22. Award for Life-Time Achievement ?Power of Knowledge? sponsored by KonnÄar Institute Inc.; Annual Award ?Rikard Podhorsky?, sponsored by Pliva Hrvatska Ltd.; Award to Young Scientist ?Vera Johanides?, sponsored by Zagreb Brewery Inc.; annually; awards may be in the form of written certificates and of a pecuniary nature.

Engineering Academy of the Czech Republic (EA CR), Czech Republic, December 2004
1. Engineering Academy of the Czech Republic (EA CR)
Narodni 3, 110 00 Praha 1, CZECH REPUBLIC
iacr@kav.cas.cz; www.eacr.cz
Tel. +420 224 240 530; Fax: +420 224 240 530
2. 7 February 1995; Civil Association
3. Members (112) {200}; Foreign Members (18); (as of 24 November 2004)
4. 350,000 (as of 1999)
5. Mechanical Engineering (15 ); Electrical Engineering (16 ); Civil Engineering (15); Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology (14); Material Engineering and Technology (10); Informatics and Cybernetics (6);
6. All members are elected on the basis of nominations by one or more Academy members. Nominations are assessed by the Nomination Committee according to criteria - Engineering degree, professional excellence, achievements in Science, Technology, Engineering and Management and reputation and discussed with Scientific Sections (recommendation). Nomination Committee reports to the EA CR Council, which approves the nomination. Candidates are elected by the General Assembly (secret ballot, more then 50% of positive votes). Each newly elected member must sign a declaration, confirming that there are no legal or ethical obstacles preventing him/her to become EA CR member. He/she also declares readiness to respect the EA CR Bylaws. Only then is he/she officially an Academy Member.

7. A member is dismissed in the case of serious violation of the EA CR Bylaws, or due to non-ethical conduct or the Country law violations. The removal must be approved by the General Assembly.
8. Council: President, Past President, three Vice-Presidents and six Council Members (4 years), {2 consecutive terms}; Secretary General appointed by the Council
9. Control Committee (5 - elected by the General Assembly); Nominating Committee (3 - elected by the Council).
10. Office: Secretary General (0,3), Secretary (0,3); Czech Knowledge Transfer Office: Manager (0,5), Secretary (0,2), Officer (0,5)
11. €77,000 for 2004
12. Government grants 26%; industry 4%; sponsored projects 62%; private funding 2%; other 6% (membership fee, etc.).
13. 1-2/yr., usually responding to Government requests. Studies are prepared by a task force nominated by the Council.
14. 1-2/yr., usually dealing with problems of Science policy, Knowledge transfer, Intellectual property etc.
15. 1-2/yr., usually dealing with problems of Science Policy, Knowledge transfer, Intellectual property etc.

16. 4-5/yr., usually as a co organizer with universities or Research Institutes or other subjects (Scientific themes)
18. Membership in the Government Council for Research and Development – P. Zuna. Membership in the Committee for Engineering and Applied Research of the Government Council for R&D – 8 EA CR Members
Commenting Governments Policies concerning Science, Research and Development
19. Plenary sessions
20. Award ceremony for the EA CR Prize
21. Information brochure of EA CR (hard copy)
22. Yearly EA CR Prize for Outstanding project / Outstanding contribution to Engineering R/D
23. EA CR maintains links to the Academy of Sciences CR and to mayor universities in the Czech Republic., Technology Center of the AS CR and Council for Research and Development, Association of Research Institutions, Czech Science Foundation, PRECIOSA Foundation (Foundation of the large Czech company PRECIOSA supporting education and cultural and scientific activities).

Danish Academy of Technical Sciences (ATV), Denmark, July 2004

1. Danish Academy of Technical Sciences, ATV
266, Lundtoftevej, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby
atvmail@atv.dk; www.atv.dk
Tel. 45 4588 1311; Fax: 45 4588 1351
2. 1937; Non-profit institution
3. One category; 619 (July 2004) (approx. ? from public research and ? from private companies) (Max. 30 new members elected every second year.)
4. 55,000 – 60,000
5. Technical sections/Disciplinary groups: Group 1: Technological Management and Organisation (192); Group 2: Chemical Sciences, Life Sciences and Geosciences (238); Group 3: Civil Engineering and Production (175); Group 4: Electrical and Electronic Engineering and Informations Technology (120)
Theme groups: Group 5: Theme Group on Transportation (16); Group 8: Theme Group on Construction and Town Planning (19)
6. All members are elected on the basis of proposal from one or more Academy members and after thourough scrutiny of scientific and personal skills by an Election Committee and approval by the Academy Assembly. Key demands: Excellent scientific level, excellent personal reputation among peers and in public, willingness to work actively for and with the Academy.

8. Supreme level: The Academy Assembly, pt. 619 persons (1 annual meeting); Board: 6-9 persons (4 meetings per year); Chairman: 1 year as ”chairman elect”, 3 years as chairman; Day to day management: Managing Director
9. Academy Council (coordination committee for the technical sections)(14); Think Tank (8); Committee on Environment and Ethics (7); Selection Committee (20)
10. 14
11. 1,277,740 Euros (covers only costs of secretariat)
12. Industry 40%; Sponsored projects 40%; Others 20%
13. 6-7; Proposals for studies usually arise from discussions between Academy members and the secretariat. The Board decides upon and initiates studies. Financial funding is applied for by the secretariat. To carry out the study ad hoc committees are designated by the Board – consisting of both Academy members and – if necessary – experts that are non Academy members. The results of the studies are subject to peer reviews and the Board’s decision as to publish these as an Academy report is based on these reviews. The secretariat prepares press releases, press contact, conferences and meetings with politicians in order to ensure a broad public and political impact.

14. 6
15. 12
16. 5
17. 2
22. Knud Lind Larsen Prize (every second year); Industrial Ph.D. Prize (once a year)
23. Ad hoc co-operation with, but no formal relations to the Royal Danish Academy of Science, Arts and Letters.

NATF, France, October 2004

1. National Academy of Technologies of France (NATF) (Acad?mie des technologies)
28, rue Saint-Dominique, F75007 PARIS, France
secretariat@academie-technologies.fr; www.academie-technologies.fr
tel. (+33) 1 53 85 44 44; fax – (+33) 1 53 85 44 45
2. 12 December 2000; association under French law of 1901 (non-profit)
3. Full members (143) {200 desired by 2006} [at 70 become Emeritus]; Emeritus members (64) (Sept. 2004)
4. 700,000
6. Peer election in “groups of competence”, formal two stage in-session vote (1 proxy per member): stage 1? - qualification by a “two thirds” qualified majority vote; 2? seat by seat competitive vote, absolute majority and minimum score > ? quorum the latter being 50% (present or by proxy).
7. Removal, dismissal or death put a statutory end to membership. The first two have still to be set out in the bye-laws.
8. Bureau of 5 members – President (one term two years), Vice-President (one term two years), Delegate General (term 2 years renewable once), Treasurer (term 2 years renewable once) and Past President (term 2 years after tenure as President). All are Full Members; the Past President may reach emeritus status but continues to sit.

9. Academic Council: 5 Bureau members; Delegate for Communication, Delegate for International Affairs, Delegate for Regional Affairs, President of the Studies Committee
(These four officers may be emeritus, office term is 2 years, renewable ad libitum but by vote.); 8 Full Members, representative of the Assembly (all Members); (total 17).
10. 5 fte; President and Vice-Presidents’ offices, Communication, Regional and International Affairs, Finance and General Management.
11. 700,000 euros
12. 70 % State (including salaries of staff); 40% private Partners
13. Advice notes in response to commission from public authorities (3 pa); Position Papers, either voted by the Academy or addressed to the Academy by Members (5 pa). Work parties prepare an initial position and present to Assembly; an intermediate draft is debated in session; the final document is vetted by a Quality Committee then voted. Assembly has the last word; Academic Council has budget prerogatives, and Bureau has financial control.
19. Plenary sessions – 10 per year (monthly); In-house seminar; 1 per year; Inter-academic conference – 1 per year

23. Academy of Sciences of France, but also Academy of Agriculture, Medicine, Air and Space

Hungarian Academy of Engineering (HAE), Hungary, September 2004

1. Hungarian Academy of Engineering (Magyar M?rn?kakad?mia), HAE (MMA)
H-1055.Budapest,Kossuth Lajos t?r 6-8
mma@mtesz.hu; sarkozi@mti.bme.hu; www.mernokakademia.hu
Tel. 36 1 3533996; fax 36 1 3532241
2. 29 January, 1990; Civil organization
3. Members (162) {300}; Honorary members (38) (September 2004)
4. 200,000
5. Interdisciplinary sections
6. Excellency in science, technology and/or engineering; representing independent opinions; foreign languages; more degrees
7. Proposal of the Disciplinary and Ethics Committee
8. General Assembly: Officers: Honorary President, President, 2 Vice Presidents, And Secretary
General, Managing Director, Foreign Secretary (3 yrs.); Executive Board Members (3 yrs.) {1 term}
9. Disciplinary and Ethics Committee (5); Control Committee (5); Nominating Committee (9); Award Committee is the Executive Board
10. Full-time Managing Director, full- time Secretary, half-time Foreign Secretary (Chief Counsellor), and half-time Financial Secretary
11. $ 60,000
12. 10%government; 20%industry; 18% sponsored projects; 30%private funding; other 22%

13. 4-5/year; Depending on the topic interdisciplinary ad-hoc working groups are created and they prepare the study, which is discussed and approved (or refused) by the Executive Board or in some cases by all members.
14. 1
15. 1
16. 3
17. 1
22. Award of the HAE, annually acknowledging the excellence in a certain field
of technology; Tekhne-medal: annually acknowledging the high level activity during the
awarded person's life-time.
23. Cooperation agreement with the Hungarian Academy of Sciences since 1990.

INAE, India, January 2005

1. Indian National Academy of Engineering, 6th Floor, Vishwakarma Bhawan, Shaheed Jeet Singh Marg, New Delhi-110016 (India); Email : inae@nda.vsnl.net.in; www.inae.org; Tel : 011-26582475, 26582635; Fax : 011-26856635

2. 20th April, 1987; Registered Society under the Societies Registration Act.
3. Fellows (492) {50/yr, 800 total}; Foreign Fellows (32) {5/yr, 100 total}
4. 2.5 million
5. Ten Engineering Sections. Fellows (492): Civil (75); Computer Science & Engineering (34); Mechanical Engineering (58); Chemical Engineering & Biotechnology (57); Electrical Engineering (32); Electronics & Communication Engineering (56); Aerospace Engineering (52); Metallurgy,Mining and Materials Science (60); Energy Systems and Engineering, Nuclear Engineering (26); Interdisciplinary Engineering & Technology (42).
Foreign Fellows (32): Civil (5); Mechanical Engineering (7); Chemical Engineering & Biotechnology (3); Electronics & Communication Engineering (4); Aerospace Engineering (1); Metallurgy,Mining and Materials Science (12).
6. Candidates for the Fellowship are nominated only by Fellows of the Academy. For candidates nominated in Academia / R&D, two Fellows (Proposer & Seconder) have to initiate the proposal. For candidates from Industry / Government, nomination can be initiated by one Fellow. Proposer and Seconder should preferably be from the same engineering discipline/section.
Nominations for Fellowship in each Section are reviewed by the Sectional Committee which prepares a shortlist of candidates for consideration by the Council; the lists are prepared in each Section for four different categories, viz., Academia, R&D, Industry and Government. The final selection for Fellowship is made by the Council at a meeting in which the Conveners of the Sectional Committees are special invitees.
Nominations for Foreign Fellowship are reviewed at a special committee meeting chaired by the senior Vice-President to which Conveners of concerned Sectional Committees are also invited. The Committee makes recommendations for final approval by the Council.
7. There is no formal provision for removal or dismissal from Fellowship. A Fellow/ Foreign Fellow shall cease to be a Member in case of death. A Fellow/Foreign Fellow may be removed from the rolls on account of default of payment of dues or on resignation. The Council may reinstate a Fellow/Foreign Fellow whose name has been removed or dismissed on account of resignation or non-payment of subscription, if they find good reason to do so.
8. Council comprising a total of 28 members, out of which 7 are Office Bearers (one President; two Vice-Presidents; one Honorary Secretary; one Foreign Secretary; one Honorary Treasurer and one Editor of Publications); two years term; term limit - two years for President and four years for all others.
9. Ten Sectional Committees of the Council (listed above); Finance Committee; Programme Committee; Forum on Engineering Education; Industry Executive Forum; and Engineering Excellence Awards Committee. (4 to 7 members)
10. 5 persons; Executive Secretary, Office of the Administration & Finance
11. 0.2 Million USD
12. Mostly Government of India and its Statutory Bodies.
13. Status Reports on Studies of Engineering Disciplines; once in two years; National Policy issues like infrastructure, transportation, communication, engineering education etc. periodically by Committees as and when set-up by the Council
14. to 17 Two day Annual Convention featuring technical presentations by Fellows elected during the year and public lectures by award winning Fellows. The Academy also organizes a total of 2 to 3 Conferences, Seminars or Workshops on topical subjects every year. Courses are not within the purview of the Academy’s activities except for a recently held familiarization Workshop on Accreditation Procedure for Engineering Colleges jointly held with All-India Council for Technical Education.
18. Copies of studies of national policy issues and recommendations ensuing Conferences, Workshops etc. are forwarded to appropriate Government Department. The Academy also officially presents memoranda and encourages its Fellows to offer views before different Parliamentary Committees.
19. to 20 Please see serial 14 to 17 mentioned above.
21. Annals and Newsletters
22. (a) Life Time Contribution Award; annually; recognize outstanding contributions in engineering/engineering research/engineering education/technology/engineering management which have brought prestige to the nation.
(b) Prof. Jai Krishna Memorial Award and Prof. SN Mitra Memorial Award; alternate years; recognize academic and scholarly achievements in any discipline of engineering and technology/outstanding research in engineering and technology/outstanding contributions in the management of education and research in engineering/outstanding achievements and contributions to the industry, engineering services, engineering projects.
(c) Ten Young Engineers Awards; annually; recognize excellence in design and technology transfer, innovative development and engineering research work of young engineers below 35 years of age.
(d) Innovation Potential of Student Projects Awards; annually; recognize innovative and creative projects and theses of students and research scholars in engineering institutions at doctoral (5), master’s (5) and bachelor (10) levels.

23. Formal relationship and cooperation with Indian National Science Academy; National Academy of Sciences (India) and Indian Academy of Sciences.

The Engineering Academy of Japan (EAJ), Japan, September 2004

1. The Engineering Academy of Japan, EAJ
Kenchikukaikan 4F, 5-26-20, Shiba, Minato-Ku, Tokyo, Japan 108-0014
academy@eaj.or.jp; www.eaj.or.jp
Tel. 81-3-5442-0481; FAX: 81-3-5442-0485
2. April 16, 1987; Incorporated with the Prime Minister's permission.
3. Individual Members (582); Foreign associates (28); Supporting Corporate Members (19) (March 31, 2004)
4. 2.4million
5. Mechanics (98); Electric, Electronics, and Information (167); Chemical (87); Construction and Environment (82); Metal, Natural resources and Material (64); Ship building, Aerospace, Applied physics, Nuclear, Management engineering and others (60); Science, Agriculture, Medicine, Sociology, Humanities and Interdisciplinary (24) (March 31, 2004)
6. Nominees to become new full members must be recommended by at least 5 members. Their academic and/or business achievements are examined and their eligibility for membership of the EAJ is assessed by the Member Nominating Committee, which then recommends eligible persons to the Board of Directors as new candidates for membership.

7. Member may be removed by a two-thirds vote of the general assembly.
8. Board of Directors (36 members) (2 years) {2 terms}; Officers: President, Vice-Presidents, an executive director and Auditors (2 years) {2 terms}
9. Member Nominating Committee (48); Steering Committee (10); Committee on Technology Policy (22) ; Committee on International Affairs (25); Publicity Committee (13);.
10. An Executive director and 4 people
11. $600,000
12. Individual Members Fee 66%; Supporting Corporate Members Fee 34%;
13. 9 Task Forces in 2003 FY; More than 3 members propose a new task force to the Board of Directors and the chair is assigned by the Board of Directors. The chair recruits task force members and start to study. The meeting of TF is held every one month or two and the chair of TF reports the result in general assembly or seminar.
15. 6 times per year in Tokyo and 4 each districts
16. 4times per year in Tokyo and other districts
21. EAJ NEWS and EAJ Information for members
23. We have an informal gathering for discussion between Science Council of Japan and EAJ once a year.

Academy of Engineering (Mexico) (AI), Mexico, September, 2004

1. Academy of Engineering, AI, Tacuba No. 5, Centro Hist?rico
aingenieria@prodigy.net.mx; www.ai.org.mx
Tel. (52) 55-21-67-90 and (52) 55-21-44-04; Fax: (52) 55-18-49-18
2. February 12th, 2002; formed by merger of the Mexican Academy of Engineering (AMI) and the National Academy of Engineering (ANI); Civil Association
3. Honor Academics (25), Academics (745), Correspondent Academics (38)
4. 150,000 approximated
5. Aeronautical (18), Agronomics (46), Civil (136), Communications and Electronics (32), Electrical (62), Energy (10), Geophysical (19), Geological (30), Industrial (25), Materials (15), Mechanical (65), Mines and Metallurgy (12), Municipal (16), Naval (21), Nuclear (32), Petroleum (36), Planning (32), Chemical (78), Systems (67), Textile1(16,) Urban (City Planning) (11) and (29) academics without integration in the technical sections
6. To be accepted in the Academy of Engineering, the candidate must have done remarkable professional engineering contributions or teaching and research activities and be presented by at least five Academics, it is required by the Admission Committee that the candidate has to present a Curriculum Vitae supported with copies of all the Prizes, Titles or Degrees obtained. The actual admission is performed when the candidate presents an original paper in a public session of the Academy, after the Admission Committee had approved the election.

7. The Honor Council can remove an Academic only in the case of very serious offences against the same Academy or any one of its Members.
8. Officers: President, Secretary, Treasurer; Members: Vice-president, Pro Secretary, Pro Treasurer; (2years) {one term}
9. Honor Council (25), Academic Council (36), Directive Council (6), and Consultative Council (6); Admission Committee (9), Finance Committee (7), and Editorial Committee (7).
10. One Administrative Director, 3 Secretaries and 2 Administrative Assistants; Specialized Commissions, Program Coordinations, Regional Coordination
11. USD 100,000.00
12. Membership fees 55%, Governmental support 25%, Services 5% and Donations 5%
13. 40 studies and/reports such as the Memories of the Bi-annual Meeting of the Academy, conferences, symposia, Round Tables and Seminars.
14. 2 or 3
15. 4 or 5
16. 12
17. 4 or 5 Special Courses
23. 1. CONACYT – Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnolog?a
2. AMC – Academia Mexicana de Ciencias
3. Foro Consultivo Cient?fico y Tecnol?gico

4. Red Nacional del Hidr?geno
5. AMEDES – Asociaci?n Mexicana para la Energ?a y el Desarrollo Sustentable, A. C.
6. CEMEID - Centro Mexicano de Estudios de Ingenier?a para el Desarrollo, A. C.
7. COPAES - Consejo para la Acreditaci?n de la Educaci?n Superior, A. C.
8. CENEVAL - Centro Nacional de Evaluaci?n para la Educaci?n Superior, A. C.
9. FUMEC – Fundaci?n M?xico-Estados Unidos para la Ciencia.
10. Centro Morelense de Innovaci?n y Transferencia Tecnol?gica.

NFTW, Netherlands, November 2004
1. Nederlands Forum voor Techniek en Wetenschap - Netherlands Society of Technological Sciences and Engineering NFTW
P.O. Box 19121, 1000 GC Amsterdam, The Netherlands
info@nftw.nl www.nftw.nl
Tel. +31 20 5510 802/813 Fax: + 31 20 620 4941.
2. 1986, Association under Dutch law since 1990.
3. Honorary Member (1); Full Members (76), [5 years after retirement]; Ex officio Members(3); Senior members (22).
4. 180.000.
6. Members ought to be responsible on a high level for technological or scientific research and/or development, and/or for the economical application of technology. Related to that members ought to dispose of societal influence and networks.
These qualities have to be made visible and testable by information on professional and societal performance and positions, such as commissionerships, advisorships etc.
- Members are sought from industry, at large universities and research (and development) organizations in the proportion of 2 to 1 to 1. This criterium is not strict, as quality of membership is most important.

- Representatives of the Administration cannot acquire membership.
- Members have their main occupation in the Netherlands and are residents of the Netherlands. Dutch citizenship is not required.
- New members are expected to be able to work in their main occupation for at least another five years, and should not be older than 60.
7. Membership terminates:
- On the death of a member;
- On cancellation by a member;
- When cancellation is given on behalf of the association. This may take place when a member has ceased working in his or her main occupation for a period of more than five years, when a member does not fulfil his obligations towards the association, and when it is unreasonable to expect the association to continue membership.
- On expulsion by the Board association. A member may only be expelled if he has acted in conflict with the articles, the regulations or resolutions of the association.
8. Board: President, Vice-president, Secretary/treasurer, 2 members; (2 yrs) {3 terms} [65 years].
9. Committee for the selection of new members (5); Audit Committee (2).

10. Secretary-general (0.9 fte), Assistant (0.7 fte).
11. € 195.000.
12. Sponsorship 62%, government subsidies 31%, individual membership dues 8%.
13. - Evaluation of a national strategy for technical universities;
- The relationship of research between industry and universities.
16. Innovation Conference, 1 per year, open to the members, their guests and others by invitation. Objective: Concrete agreements among industry, research & education organizations and government about aiming at promoting innovative entrepreneurship and enhancing a climate for innovation.
18. On request NFTW forms sounding boards for policymakers for developing policy.
19. Per year: 5 general meetings and 5 board meetings.
21. Annual reports, distributed among the members, and a selected number of organizations.
23. Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences; The Royal Institution of Engineers in the Netherlands; The Technology Policy Committee of the Confederation of Netherlands Industry and Employers (known as VNO-NCW); Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research NWO.

Royal Academy of Engineering (Spain) (RAI), September 2004

1. Real Academia de Ingenier?a. RAI
Alfonso XII, 3 – 5 (Edif. MEC) 1? planta, 28014 Madrid, SPAIn
acaingenieria@ctv.es, secretaria@academia-de-ingenieria.org;
Tel. 34 91 528.20.01; Fax 34 91 468.10.15
2. 29th April 1994; Public Law Corporation
3. Full Member (47) {60} [75]; New Elected (2); Supernumerary Members (4); Honour Members (1); Corresponding Members (36)
4. 150.000
5. Scientific and Technical Activities Section, Training and History Section; each Section has a Chairman and Secretary (4 year term) and all Academy Members are invited to attend according their own field and interest on the subjects being treated.
6. Nomination requires a proposal by at least three Full Members. After evaluation by the Candidatures Committee and the Governance Board, the nominations are send to all Full Members. To be elected requires full majority – two thirds – of the General Assembly at first instance; simple majority – more than 50% - at the second and definitive voting.

7. General Assembly can decide, under very special circumstances, to transfer a Full Member to Supernumerary.
8. Governance Board: President, Vice-president, General Secretary, Treasurer, Auditor, Librarian (4yrs.) {2 terms}
9. Governance (4); Treasury (4); Library (4); Foreign Relations (4); Candidatures (7); Prizes and Awards (5)
10. 1.5 persons
11. 500.000 €
12. Public 50%; private 50%
13. 1 per year, requested or per RAI initiative
15. 2 in 2004: TIC and Transportation
17. Summer School (one per year); Course on History of Technology and Engineering
19. Yearly opening session; Welcoming sessions (one for each new elected Academician); Plenary sessions (about eight per year); Monographic sessions
21. Publications: Communications to the Academy; Monographs; Memorial Sessions; Opening Sessions; Welcoming Sessions; Seminars proceedings; Reports
22. 1 per year to an outstanding firm
23. Universities, Some research centres, other member Academies of the Instituto de Espa?a (It gathers all the Spanish Royal Academies: Science, Medicine, History, Language, Pharmacy, Arts, etc.)

24. International Activities; Lexicon

Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences (SATW), Switzerland, August 2004

1. Schweizerische Akademie der Technischen Wissenschaften
(Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences), SATW
Seidengasse 16, 8023 Zurich, Switzerland
Tel. +41 44 226 50 11; Fax +41 44 226 50 20
2. 1981; nonprofit association
3. Ordinary (193) [70]; Honorary (10) [70]; Corresponding (28) [70]; Organizations (56) (August 2004)
4. 60,000
6. Proposal by a member, plus support of two additional members; pre-selection by an election committee; election by the general assembly
7. In case of change of activities (organizations), non-payment of the annual fee or action against the interests of the academy; proposal by the board, decision by the general assembly
8. Board: 18 members, incl. president; election by the general assembly, (3yrs.) {3 terms}
9. Foreign Relations (21), Energy (18), Ethics in Technology (4), Support Committee (7), Funds Council (4), ICT (13), Innovation (9), International Relations (6), European Collaboration in Technical Matters (13), Lateral Think Tank (14), Coordination Panel on Biotechnology (15), History of Technics (11), Understanding of Technology (7), Technoscop (youth magazine; 5), Nanotransfer (6), Election Committee (7)

10. 3.5 employees
11. 1.2M Euro
12. Government support 80%; sponsored projects 12%; private funding 8%
13. 1 to 2/a; proposal by a committee; establish a monitoring group; study mostly done by a contractor; the academy defines the overall strategy and represents the organization towards other organizations and the public, the committees propose and monitor activities (studies, projects, publications, events etc.)
14. 1 to 4/a, internal: for the definition of priorities and strategies or finding/defining special activities
15. 4/a
16. 2 to 4/a, General assembly, annual conference, topical meetings (innovation, public understanding of technology etc.)
22. Co-organization and co-financing of the Swiss Technology Award;
Promotion and vote in jury of the European Information Society Technology Prize
23. CASS, the umbrella organization together with the three other Swiss Academies (Medicine; Sciences; Humanities and Social Sciences); partnership with "TA-Swiss" (Technology Assessment) and "Science et Cite" (organization for a better understanding of science in the society)

24. The aims of the academy are the promotion and diffusion of: 1. Knowledge of technical innovations and current technologies in the society and the market; 2. Technical understanding (focus on students); 3. Ethics and sustainable development in technical professions and in the society

Royal Academy of Engineering of the United Kingdom (RAEng), July, 2004

1. The Royal Academy of Engineering (RAEng)
29 Great Peter Street, London SW1P 3LW, United Kingdom;
Richard.Smallwood@raeng.org.uk; www.raeng.org.uk;
Tel. +44 20 7227 0500; Fax +44 20 7233 0054
2. 1976; Registered Charity
3. Fellow – 1,249 {60 p.a.}; Honorary Fellow – 23 {50 total};
International Fellow – 89 {100 total}(June 04) [none]
4. 180,000 Registered Engineers; 290,000 unregistered degree-level engineers
5. Mechanical – 371; Civil – 307; Electrical and Informatics – 320;
Chemical and Process – 289 (July 04)
6. Proposed by Fellows, selected by specialist panels, confirmed by Council and elected at AGM in July
7. By Council in event of severe misconduct
8. Council – President (5 yrs.) {1 term}, Past-President (5 yrs.) {1 term}, Senior V-P (3 yrs.), 6 V-Ps (3 yrs.), 12 members (3 yrs.)
9. Engineering Policy (15); Research and Secondment Schemes (13); Education and Training (13); International (7); Finance and Audit (5); Membership (6); Awards (12)
10. 41 fte; Engineering, Education, Communications, Finance & Administration

11. €30Million
12. Government – 26%; Industry – 61%; Sponsored Projects – 7%; Private Funding – 5%
13. Six studies/reports p.a.; Standing Committee agrees topic, chairman and terms of reference. Steering/working group prepares draft report for review and approval by the Standing Committee.
14. Two; presentations, discussion, dinner
15. Six, three speakers and discussion
16. One, whole day with evening lecture and dinner
18. 20 responses on average each year with views of Fellows sought and collated
19. Annual General Meeting; New Fellows’ Dinner; New Year Reception and Lecture; Soir?e outside London with engineering theme; Annual Academy Awards Dinner
20. 5 Public Lectures p.a. by distinguished engineers or persons associated with engineering, with audiences between 150 and 350
21. 1. Annual Review to Fellows and interested authorities
2. Quarterly newsletter to Fellows, overseas academies and other interested people
3. Ingenia – Quarterly general interest magazine with articles by Fellows and others on engineering topics – wide distribution

22. 1. MacRobert Award for Innovation in Engineering – annual - ?50K plus gold medal;
2. Various medals – see website
23. Good relationship and cooperation with the Royal Society (UK National Science Academy) and the Academy of Medical Sciences
24. Schemes for Young Engineers - Incentives for ages 16-34 ( www.raengbest.org.uk )
Promotion of Visiting Professors in various disciplines
International Travel Grants and Research Secondments (UK residents only)
Industrial Secondments for university lecturers

National Academy of Engineering (United States) (NAE), July 2004

1. National Academy of Engineering
500 Fifth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20001, USA
ldavis@nae.edu; www.nae.edu;
Tel. 1-(202) 334-3677; FAX 1-(202) 334-1680
2. 1964; Operate under the corporate charter of the U. S. National Academy of Sciences, chartered by the U.S. Congress, 1863
3. Members (1,897); Members Emeriti (247); Foreign Associates (170) {12% of Members elected that year}; July 2004
4. Approximately 1.5 million
5. Aerospace Engineering– 252; Bioengineering – 83; Chemical Engineering– 190;
Civil Engineering– 261; Computer Science and Engineering – 190;
Electric Power/Energy Systems Engineering– 155; Electronics Engineering– 375;
Industrial, Manufacturing and Operational Systems Engineering– 123;
Materials Engineering– 204; Mechanical Engineering– 190;
Petroleum, Mining and Geological Engineering– 119;
Special Fields and Interdisciplinary Engineering– 172; (July 2004)
6. A confidential process; prospective members are nominated by a member; supporting letters from at least three other members; nominations screened by Peer Committees for each section; placed on ballot by Committee on Membership; election by the members requires at least 85 % positive votes cast for a candidate (members may abstain if they do not know the candidate and such votes do not count in the 85 %).

7. Member may submit letter of resignation at any time, which must be approved by the NAE Council. Member may be placed in inactive status for non-payment of dues. No formal provision for removal or dismissal.
8. Council: Chairman (2 years), President (6 years), Vice President (4 years), Home Secretary (4 years), Foreign Secretary (4 years), Treasurer (4 years); 12 Council members (3 years) {2 terms}. The President’s position is a full time position as CEO equivalent. Executive Officer, not a member of the Council, serves as COO equivalent.
9. Finance and Budget Committee (11); Audit Committee (6); Peer Committees, one for each Section (107); Committee on Membership (43); Nominating Committee (17); Membership Policy Committee (13)
10. 30 staff; Executive Office, Office of Administration and Finance, Membership Office, Program Office
11. $10.3 million USD
12. Project funds 35%; contributions 14%; endowment 21%; dues & misc. 3%; overhead recovery 27%
13. Approximately 12; the Academy responds to a request from a sponsor or creates a topic of interest on its own to be funded by Academy funds; the Academy chooses a study committee, which may include non-Academy members, as well as Academy members; such committee members are screened to eliminate any with a potential conflict of interest (or to clarify that they must recuse themselves from particular discussions or decisions where they have a conflict of interest); the committee produces a report with the assistance of the staff; all reports are reviewed anonymously by a committee of reviewers; an independent review monitor is chosen and decides whether the committee has responded adequately to reviewer comments; in the case of disagreement between the committee and report monitor, the Academy President decides.

14. 20
19. Annual meeting, national meeting, and 6 regional meeting technical sessions
22. Charles Stark Draper Prize; annual; recognize significant achievement; $500,000
Fritz J. and Dolores H. Russ Prize; biennial; achievement in bioengineering; $500,000
Bernard M. Gordon Prize; annual; achievement in engineering education; $500,000
Founders Award; annual; uphold principles of the NAE; $2,500
Arthur M. Bueche Award; annual; statesmanship in technology and public policy and contributing to enhancement of relationships between industries, government, and universities; $2,500
23. Formal relationship with the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the Institute of Medicine and the National Research Council (NRC), collectively “The National Academies”, which all operate under the NAS charter. The NRC is the operating arm of the NAS and NAE. The President of the NAS serves as Chair of the NRC and the President of the NAE serves as the Vice Chair. The total NRC budget is approximately $250 million USD and is staffed by about 1200 people. In addition to the reports created by the NAE’s independent program office, cited above, approximately 100 reports per year on engineering topics, accounting for about $100 million USD (included in the $250 million) in government and foundation support, are created by the NRC.

The following is a collation of the information in the above documents based on the above structure.
(under construction)


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